To take a high-speed train journey for about 1.5 hours, you will come to Luoyang, one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. This one day tour will present you with the highlights of the ancient city, including the treasure home of ancient stone-carving art - Longmen Grottoes and the essence Kung Fu Show in Shaolin Temple.
In the morning, start your train tour by taking the high-speed train G2004 (09:05/10:39) from Xian Railway Station to Luoyang by yourself. The train ticket will be delivered to your designated hotel in advance. Upon your arrival in Luoyang, our local professional guide will meet you at the railway station.
To begin with, we will drive you to visit the Longmen Grottoes, one of the three most important Chinese Buddhist arts (Longmen, Dunhuang Grotto Gansu province in northwest China and Yungang Grotto in Shaanxi province). The grotto was first carved in North Wei Dynasty, more than 1500 years ago. Over 500 years' renovation and expansion, it was finally completed in North Song Dynasty. There are as many as 100,000 statues within the 1,400 caves, ranging from 1 inch (25 mm) to 57 feet (17 m) in height. Fengxian Temple, 36 metres (about 118 feet) wide and 41 metres (about 136 feet) long, is the largest grotto in Longmen Temple. There are nine major figures of various facial appearances and temperaments in the temple. Wanfo Cave is a typical chronological cave consisting of two rooms, square flat roofs and walls decorated by lifelike relief. Guyang Cave, the earliest cave in Longmen Grottoes, has sculptures in different shapes and with various expressions. Binyang Cave is featured in lotus-pattern carvings on the floor and relief of lotus flower on the rooftop. Besides the grottoes, lots of historical materials concerning art, music, religion, calligraphy, medicine, costume and architecture are kept here.
After that, we will proceed to visit the Shaolin Temple. Reputed as “the No. 1 Temple under heaven”, the Shaolin Temple contributed to the creation and development of Chinese Zen Buddhism and Shaolin Martial Arts. In 2012, it was inscribed as a UNESCO's World Heritage site. Not only will you be delighted at traditional valued architectures like the Hall of Heavenly Kings, the Mahavira Hall, the Pagoda Forest and the Dharma Cave, but also impressed by the splendid Kung Fu performance present by Shaolin monks.
After this sightseeing, we will transfer you to the Luoyang Longmen Railway Station and take the high-speed train G2013 (19:17/20:52) back to Xian. Upon your arrival in Xian, you need get back to the hotel by yourself.